Eco Sites & Nature Parks

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Enjoy Sri Lankan ecotourism which is a growing niche sector. It gives you the opportunity of enjoying multifaceted attractions connected with Eco System such as diversity of landscapes, climates, flora and fauna, unparalleled bio-diversity, topographical variations and wildlife etc. Sri Lanka is ultimate in diversity, beauty and culture. All combined with one of the best treasures of the world a warm, friendly and smiling people.


ECO Features


Tropical Evergreen Forests

The most parts of the country are forest. The forests of Sri Lanka are rich in their variety and profusion of flora and fauna and wildlife including elephants, leopards, bears, buffalo, and peafowl, and tree species such as ebony, mahogany, satinwood, and teak.

In the Wet Zone, tropical wet evergreen forest dominates in the lowlands, and montane and sub-montane evergreen forests prevail in the highlands. In the highest areas of the Central Highlands, forests tend to be sparse and interspersed with grasslands. Only the Sinharaja forest and the Peak Wilderness of the southwestern interior remain as significant remnants of the Wet Zone’s original evergreen virgin forests.

The Dry Zone has a climax vegetation of dry evergreen forest and moist deciduous forest, with forests giving way to stunted, shrubby vegetation. The forests found in most parts of the Dry Zone are secondary vegetation, which probably developed after hundreds of years of repeated clearing and cultivation.


Agro Tourism

Agriculture is the most important sector of the Sri Lankan economy, even though its contribution to the gross domestic product declined substantially during the past 3 decades. Man made Irrigation Tanks are connected with the traditional agricultural practice since ancient times and still today its witnessing the marvel of the irrigation technology used by Sri Lankans.

Rice production is the most important economic activity of Sri Lanka’s peasantry. Since independence there has been an impressive increase of paddy production. Plantations represent a segment of the economy that has failed to make significant advances since the time of independence. Tea, the preeminent crop of the plantation sector, grows in many parts of the Wet Zone. Crops that are concentrated at higher altitudes supply some of the best-quality black teas to the world market. The main rubber-growing area is the ridge-and-valley country of the Wet Zone interior. Coconut is grown mainly in the hinterland of the western seaboard.

Forestry and fishing are relatively insignificant components of the economy. Extraction of timber and fuel wood from forests is constrained by environmental conservation. In fisheries, the resource potential is abundant, particularly on the north and northwest coasts. Constraints on development are largely technological. Fishing, however, is an important occupation for the people living along the coastal fringe.



Flora and Fauna

Sri Lanka is the paradise of flora & fauna. Sri Lanka has one of the highest rates of biological endemism which is 16% of the fauna and 23% of flowering plants are endemic in the world.

Fauna of Sri Lanka includes mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, insects, butterflies and sea mammals. The country has roughly 123 species of mammals, hundreds of butterflies, over 80 snake species and about 435 species of birds. Sri Lanka's surrounding waters are home to 28 species of Cetaceans.

 Diversity and endemism of plants in Sri Lanka are quite high. Diversity, richness, and endemism across all taxa groups are much higher in the wet zone than in the dry zone. Wet zone; which accounts for only a quarter of Sri Lanka’s land area, harbors 88 percent of the flowering plants and 95 percent of country's flowering plant endemics. The whole island is a mass of land where the plant life is very rich and vibrant with all shades of Green color leaves. There are around 3500 Flora species in Sri Lanka and about one quarter of that is endemic to the country. The natural forests of Sri Lanka are categorized into many types.


Mangrove Flora

Mangroves are among the most productive ecosystems in the world. In Sri Lanka mangroves occur along the sheltered inertial coastlines associated with estuaries and lagoons. The largest tracts of mangrove habitats in Sri Lanka arefound in Puttlam Lagoon, Kala Oya basin and Trincomalee. Mangroves are associated with woody, seed bearing and highly specialized plants. Mangroves exist in harsh environments with anaerobic soils, tidal currents, high salinity, high temperature and strong winds.

Therefore, to survive and grow under such environmental conditions mangrove plants have developed many morphological and physiological adaptations.

Mangrove flora can be categorized as true mangroves and mangrove associates. True mangrove species grow only in mangrove environment and do not extend into terrestrial plant community whereas mangroves associates are found within or in the peripheral areas of mangrove wetlands.

Mangroves provide many ecosystem products and services. They provide habitats, feeding grounds, nursery and hunting grounds for animals, protect the lagoons and the estuaries from erosion, reduce pollution of near-shore coastal waters by trapping pollutants, provide recreational grounds and provide opportunities for bird watching, ecotourism, field laboratory for researchers.

Further they provide food and fodder for animals, medicines, pigments,  fuel  wood,  timber  for  constructions,  furniture  and  as  boat  building  materials.  Even though there are many awareness programs on ‘importance of mangrove conservation’, in Sri Lanka they are destroyed  at  an  alarming  rate  due  to  the  construction  of  shrimp  farms,  agricultural  expansion,  urbanization, unregulated discharge of pollutants, waste disposal, illegal constructions and mass tourism.




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All Seasons Tour Management Ltd is an Inbound & Outbound Tour and Destination Management Company based in Sri Lanka for Sri Lanka, Maldives and other major Worldwide Destinations. 

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